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Thursday, 18 February 2016

An Overview of Insomnia Or Sleeplessness

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is characterized by difficulty falling and/or staying asleep. People with insomnia have one or more of the following symptoms:
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Waking up often during the night and having trouble going back to sleep
  • Waking up too early in the morning
  • Feeling tired upon waking
Acute vs. Chronic Insomnia
Insomnia also varies in how long it lasts and how often it occurs. It can be short-term (acute insomnia) or can last a long time (chronic insomnia). It can also come and go, with periods of time when a person has no sleep problems. Acute insomnia can last from one night to a few weeks. Insomnia is called chronic when a person has insomnia at least three nights a week for a month or longer.

Kinds of Insomnia

General Insomnia
The catch-all term for sleeplessness is general insomnia, a classification of sleep disorders involving anyone who has difficulty getting to sleep at night (though it may also include people who wake up in the middle of the night or wake up too early). Overall, insomnia is simply defined as an overall insufficient amount and/or quality of sleep.

Adjustment Insomnia
Adjustment insomnia is sleeplessness that results from a major adjustment in the life. Also known as acute insomnia or short-term insomnia, it’s usually the result of stress from a major life event, including relationship breakdown (or divorce), the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, the emergence of a serious medical condition, etc.

Childhood Insomnia
Kids can also have significant sleep issues that can affect their ability to concentrate at school. Childhood insomnia is a serious issue that can negatively impact the natural development of a child.
This condition mostly occurs when children don't go to bed on time unless a parent or guardian enforces a bedtime. If the children are made to go to bed at a specified time, then they tend to fall asleep at a normal hour

Idiopathic Insomnia
Idiopathic insomnia is one of the most serious sleep disorders. It’s a lifelong problem that starts during a child’s early years and lasts all the way into adulthood. Typically, idiopathic insomnia has nothing to do with stress, medication, or pain.
It may result from an imbalance in your body, such as an overactive awakening system and/or an underactive sleep system, but the true cause of this disorder is still unclear.What is clear is that those dealing with idiopathic insomnia need special treatment unique to their specific condition.

Insomnia Due to Substance Abuse
There are a number of substances that can negatively affect the ability to sleep, including medication, caffeine, alcohol, and certain foods. Some medications can prevent sleep (which means you may need to take that medication earlier in the day). Caffeine can prevent the mind from effectively shutting down.

Insomnia due to a medical condition
Sometimes insomnia is a strictly mental health issue related to stress and anxiety. That can certainly be the case when a person is being treated for a serious medical condition.
But pain is often a symptom of a significant medical issue and can have a dramatic impact on sleep.

Paradoxical or Unspecified Insomnia
Paradoxical insomnia is a complicated matter that takes place without any clear evidence that sleeplessness is a problem. Those dealing with it may actually over-report the problem. That means they claim to have slept far less than they actually have.
This type of insomnia suggests that known substances and other physical causes of the insomnia have been ruled out. This means that the cause of insomnia is most likely due to an underlying mental health disorder, psychological factor, or sleep disruptive behaviors. 

Symptoms of Insomnia

Symptoms of insomnia can include:
  • Sleepiness during the day
  • General tiredness
  • Irritability
  • Problems with concentration or memory

Good Sleep Habits for Beating Insomnia

Good sleep habits, also called sleep hygiene, can help you get a good night's sleep and beat insomnia. Here are some tips:
  • Try to go to sleep at the same time each night and get up at the same time each morning. Try not to take naps during the day, because naps may make you less sleepy at night.
  • Avoid caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol late in the day. Caffeine and nicotine are stimulants and can keep you from falling asleep. Alcohol can cause waking in the night and interferes with sleep quality.
  • Get regular exercise. Try not to exercise close to bedtime, because it may stimulate you and make it hard to fall asleep. Experts suggest not exercising for at least three to four hours before the time you go to sleep.
  • Don't eat a heavy meal late in the day. A light snack before bedtime, however, may help you sleep.
  • Make your bedroom comfortable. Be sure that it is dark, quiet, and not too warm or too cold. If light is a problem, try a sleeping mask. If noise is a problem, try earplugs, a fan, or a "white noise" machine to cover up the sounds.
  • Follow a routine to help you relax before sleep. Read a book or take a bath..
  • If you can't fall asleep and don't feel drowsy, get up and read or do something that is not overly stimulating until you feel sleepy.
  • If you find yourself lying awake worrying about things, try making a to-do list before you go to bed. This may help you to not focus on those worries overnight.

Thursday, 4 February 2016

8 Bad Habits Everyone Should Must Stop Them

Snacking Non-stop, Even When not Hungry.

Losing touch with your body's natural hunger and satisfaction signals can lead to chronic overeating and unhealthy extra pounds that can lead to diabetes, heart disease, and other serious conditions. If it's junk foods you snack on, you're also flooding your body with unhealthy ingredients.

With determination, anyone can fix bad eating habits, and get to a healthier, more natural weight. By paying attention to your hunger signals and switching to healthy snacks, you can boost nutrition, control cravings, lose weight, and avoid energy slumps. Your weight will fall to a healthier level, and you'll replace unhealthy trans and saturated fat, sugar, refined carbohydrates, and extra sodium with more nutritious fare

Spending Too Much Time on Watching TV

The more TV you watch, the less physical activity you're getting, increasing your odds of being overweight and developing type 2 diabetes. A large-scale study of over 9000 people found that those who watched more than two hours of TV a day ate more, while downing more sugary soft drinks and high-fat, high-calorie, processed snack foods than those who watched less. If television is replacing time you'd spend on an old hobby, visiting friends, or exercising your mind, it can also speed up memory loss.

By turning TV time into active time and committing to a healthy TV/activity balance, you can burn more calories, become more fit, and reduce your odds for related health problems quickly. You'll have a fitter body and more time for sleep, plus more energy, a better mood, sharper mind, and more social connections, which can even help you increase your self-confidence.

Overspending Your Way into Debt

Money worries can have serious health consequences. In a Rutgers University telephone survey, responders said financial stress contributed to high blood pressure, depression, insomnia, headaches, digestion troubles, aches and pains, ulcers, excessive smoking and drinking, and gaining or losing weight.

You'll regain a hold on your finances. It's tough, but getting yourself out of debt is a lot like losing weight. It takes time, can be hard on your ego and your lifestyle, you have to be constantly vigilant, and it's easy to revert back to old habits. But for those who succeed, and many people do, the results are stunning. You'll feel more in control of your life with less stress and fewer worries. You'll be able to sleep better, stop overeating, and have fewer headaches. Finding ways to curb your spending and focus on the simple joys in life will also help improve your relationships.

Eating Too Much Fast Food

A steady diet of double cheeseburgers and fries washed down with an oversize soda often leads to a bigger waistline and other related health problems, like heart disease and diabetes. Trans fat, often found in fast food, raises 'bad' cholesterol and blood fats that contribute to hardening of the arteries, as well as firing up inflammation, which contributes to the build-up of fatty plaque in artery walls.

The health benefits of making the switch to healthy food will be immediate and substantial. Making a permanent lifestyle change won't be easy at first. Fast food is super-convenient, surprisingly inexpensive, and thanks to all its fat, salt, and sugar, undeniably tasty. Healthy eating takes more time and thought, and in some cases, more money. It's worth it though. In addition to losing extra weight, slimming your waistline, and protecting yourself from heart disease and diabetes, you'll save money if you prepare your own meals instead of buying fast food.

Behavior That Leaves You Angry, Worried, or Stressed all of the Time

An unhappy lifestyle releases a cascade of stress hormones that increase your blood pressure and blood sugar, lower immunity, slow digestion, and make you feel downright mean. Nature intended stress to be a short-lived fight-or-flight response to a threat, but modern life can lead to chronic stress and to far-reaching impacts on your health, such as increased risk of being overweight and overeating high-fat, sugary foods. Both raise your odds for heart disease and diabetes. 

Stress-reduction techniques have been proven to lower blood sugar, improve immunity, reduce depression, ease chronic pain, lower blood sugar, and possibly protect your heart, too. A regained sense of joy and control is worth its weight in gold, and the physical health benefits will be substantial as well.

Skipping Breakfast

Skipping the first meal of the day can have serious consequences for your weight, your energy levels, and even your blood sugar. Munching a piece of morning toast signals to your metabolism that it's time to kick things up a notch. Skipping the fuel keeps your metabolism running on low, which can lead to weight gain and sluggishness. You'll also create a starve-now-indulge-later eating pattern, which is why breakfast-skippers tend to overeat later in the day.

Starting a breakfast routine is easy. The moment you do, you take a major step towards fixing the problems skipping breakfast caused, including excess weight and unhealthy blood sugar swings. Eating breakfast will result in more stable blood sugar, which means fewer food cravings and hunger pangs later in the day. Because you're re-fueling your body early in the day, you'll also have more energy in the morning. You may find that you start to control your weight more easily, too.

Smoking Cigarettes

As far as health goes, no popular habit on Earth is as harmful. It directly causes 30 percent of heart disease deaths, 30 percent of cancer deaths, and a massive 80 to 90 percent of all lung cancers, not to mention increasing the risk of developing mouth, throat, and, bladder cancer. This bad habit also astronomically raises your odds for heart attacks, strokes, and high blood pressure, on top of possibly triggering or aggravating breathing problems like bronchitis and asthma attacks. 

The health benefits are almost immediate, because your lungs and cardiovascular system begin repairing themselves within minutes of your last cigarette. Within a month, your lungs will work better and you should be coughing less, feel more energetic, and have less shortness of breath. Quitting smoking significantly reduces threat of cancer or heart disease, improves your sense of taste and smell, and gives you better endurance. You'll also reap confidence-boosting rewards like fresher breath, younger-looking skin, and an end to that unpleasant tobacco smell on your clothes.

Overusing Pain Killers and Sedatives

When they're not taken properly, long-term habitual use can cause more problems than it solves. Using drugs like ibuprofen or aspirin for arthritis or muscle pain can over time increase your risk for ulcers, gastrointestinal bleeding, high blood pressure, and heart attacks. Calming drugs and sleeping pills can leave you feeling confused and prone to stumbling and falling if you take them in higher-than-prescribed doses. Since they make you feel good, you may want to keep on taking them, turning them into a habit or addiction before you know it. 

New pain-relief strategies can ease muscle, joint, and head pain with fewer pills and side effects. Kicking the sedative and prescription pain pill habit is possible with commitment and support, and once the pill-taking has ceased, your body will quickly rebound from their effects. You'll spend less money on medications. You may cut your risk for heart and high blood pressure problems as well as gastrointestinal ulcers and bleeding. You'll also be more alert and enjoy the satisfaction of knowing that you've beaten a drug dependency.

Monday, 1 February 2016

OLX Fraudster Gang Caught by the FIA


OLX, while being a great platform for selling and buying stuff, has become host to multiple fraudulent gangs. These gangs rob or con people by making some offers which are difficult to turn down.
One such gang has been apprehended during a joint raid by the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) and the Citizens-Police Liaison Committee (CPLC).

The gang operated by putting up bogus car ads on OLX website. The group consisted of five people, with three of them have been identified as Azam Rahman Butt, Irfan Bashir and Muneer Khan.

The FIA officials stated that the suspects hailed from Punjab but were operating in Karachi for the past 12 months. During that time, the suspects allegedly cheated hundreds of people. “They [gang members] used to fix cheap prices for their cars that attracted buyers,” said an FIA official. “They took the buyer to a car showroom in the city and locked the deals there by demanding prices much lower than the market rates. After finalizing the deal, they took 10% to 20% as down-payment and then vanished.”

The official said that all linked car showroom owners were investigated and they weren’t even aware of the group that was using their premises for such a dastardly act. The showroom staff took the gang and the OLX buyers as potential customers. However, the OLX buyers used to come again looking for a refund of their payment, alleging that the showroom had taken a down-payment.

An official of the FIA’s Cybercrime team shared that the CPLC received a complaint from one of the affected people. The CPLC then forwarded the case to FIA, which identified and caught the culprits with the help of CCTV footage from a bank and a bank account linked with the deceitful act.

FIA officials said that the suspects were arrested in separate operations. Two were caught from Korangi, while two were apprehended in Surjani and one was nabbed from Liaquatabad. Cases have been registered against all the suspects and further investigation was underway to get more information regarding the gang’s activities in the past.

OLX and any such platforms which offer users to buy and sell stuff are never safe. Direct contact between the buyer and seller often puts both of them at risk. Therefore, it is advised to clarify everything beforehand and only meet once when completing the transaction. Of course, meeting in a public place is a must if possible. Anybody who wishes to perform transactions via OLX should first read through these helpful security guidelines or report any suspicious ads they find.

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